O retrato da Região do Norte faz-se numa dupla tendência. As sub-regiões da Área Metropolitana do Porto, do Ave, Cávado, bem como Tâmega e Sousa perderam até 5 por cento da população. Já o decréscimo no Alto Minho, Alto Tâmega, Douro e Terras de Trás-os-Montes situa-se entre os 5 e os 10 por cento.
O relatório, publicado no passado mês de junho, conclui que, em determinadas regiões europeias, “o declínio da população é uma tendência prolongada, muitas vezes ao longo de décadas, e espera-se que mais regiões passem por esta situação nas próximas décadas”. Por outro lado, sabe-se que 65 por cento da população dos Estados-Membros vive em uma região onde a população cresceu entre 2011 e 2019.
O estudo acrescenta que durante a pandemia da COVID-19 a densidade populacional e a categoria de região – quer sejam urbanas ou rurais – “parecem ter sido um fatores na disseminação do vírus”. “Estima-se que o vírus tenha chegado mais cedo nas regiões urbanas e se espalhou mais rapidamente em comparação às regiões intermediárias e rurais”, lê-se no documento.
In 2018, life expectancy at birth increased to 78.2 years for men and 83.7 for women. This growth is projected to continue: men born in 2070 are expected to live 86 years, and women 90
In the EU as a whole, the composition of our households is changing – households composed of two parents with children are being joined by households consisting of people living alone, single parents or couples without children.
In 2018, the average number of childbirths per woman was 1.55 and their median age at childbirth was 31.3.
Some of us opt to move around or live abroad, but the size of these flows is volatile and can change quickly.
By 2070, 30.3% of the population is projected to be aged 65 years or older (compared to 20.3% in 2019) and 13.2% is projected to be aged 80 years or older (compared to 5.8% in 2019)
The share of Europe’s population in the world is shrinking and by 2070 it will account for just under 4% of the world’s population.
Impacts of demographic change
Europe’s working-age population is shrinking and we need to find ways to sustain economic growth by bringing more people into jobs and increasing productivity.
To deal with Europe’s ageing society, our health and care systems will have to adapt further and we will have to consider how to fund higher age-related public spending.
Demographic challenges often vary significantly between different parts of the same country. With some regions likely to experience rapid population change, this will lead to new opportunities and challenges, from investment to infrastructure and accessibility to access to services. Finding new solutions to support people through change will be essential.
Demographic change can also impact Europe’s position in the world. It’s share of global population and GDP will become comparatively smaller. This makes the need for Europe to be united, stronger and more strategic all the more important.
Demographic change and the twin green and digital transitions often affect, support or accelerate each other - strategic foresight will therefore be an essential tool to predict and prepare policies to address these issues.
The findings of the Commission’s Demography Report show that there is no one-size-fits-all approach. Policymaking needs to zoom into the reality on the ground. The European Union, Member States and regions have a shared interest in responding to demographic change for the benefit of all Europeans. Demographic change will affect everybody and must be a factor that helps steer Europe’s recovery from the crisis and provide us with insights as we build a more resilient, sustainable and fair Union.
See demographic statistics for individual EU countries
The next steps are:
Report on the impact of demographic change
Long-term vision for rural areas
PRESS RELEASE17 June 2020